What is Turner Syndrome?

Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder that is not
generally inherited. It affects one in 2,000 female births
and is therefore considered a rare disease.
There are approximately 70,000 women and girls
affected with TS in the United States.

TS is a variable condition due to the different genetic makeup
of each person, some people are affected minimally while others
have more significant symptoms and characteristics.

Some symptoms of TS include:
Intelligence typical of general population
Delayed puberty
Heart defects
Puffy hands and feet (especially at birth)
Infertility due to nonfunctional ovaries
Kidney, thyroid and liver concerns
Hearing loss
Recurring ear infections
Learning difficulties (i.e. math) with normal intelligence
Scoliosis
Social difficulties

Plus traits such as:
Short stature (under 5 feet)
Webbed neck
Many moles
Low-set ears
Receding lower jaw

Turner syndrome can be diagnosed throughout the lifespan -
it can be found prenatally with an amniocentesis or into
adulthood with a blood test called a karyotype.
It is believed that half of all diagnoses occur after age 9.

Continued advancements in growth hormone and estrogen
replacement therapy have allowed females to keep up with
"typical" growth and puberty but more treatments are still
necessary and needing to be researched.

More information can be found at the Turner Syndrome Society
of the United States website at www.turnersyndrome.org



┬ęTurner Syndrome Society of Kansas City
P.O. Box 7572
Overland Park, KS 66207-9998